The Top Plastic Surgery Procedures

Plastic surgery is usually carried to fix a specific area of the body. Most notably, it is applied in areas like the face, the love handles, thighs, the eye area, the nose, among others. The purpose of the procedure could be medical or cosmetic. In most cases, the plastic surgery is meant for cosmetic purposes. According to one Boston Plastic Surgeon, these are the top plastic surgery procedures common today.

Plastic Surgery Procedures

• Breast lift

Also known as a boob job, the breast lift is simply designed to reshape the breasts. The plastic surgeon will make several cuts around the areola and the breasts. The aim here is to get rid of the excess skin. The cut skin will then be stitched together, and the areola and the nipples will appear higher than the original level. The patient could experience infections or even excessive bleeding during the procedure.

• Botulinum Toxin – Type A

This procedure also includes Dysport and Botox products. Here, the surgeon will use a neurotoxin, botulinum, which will prevent the nerve signal to weaken. Also, the neurotoxin will paralyze specific muscles that cause wrinkles on the face. Botulinum is injected in the specific area of the face to get rid of the wrinkles and laugh lines. You should expect to experience bruising during the injection, and some muscle groups can also be affected by the neurotoxin.

• Liposuction

This one is common for the elimination of the excess fat tissues from the neck, back, hips, arms, thighs, stomach and waist area. It is specially meant for those who have tried physical exercises but haven’t eliminated the fat tissues successfully. A tiny cut will be made in the skin, and then the fat will be dislodged or vacuumed using a small cannula. The unwanted fat will then be eliminated, and the cuts will be stitched. The patient can experience excessive bleeding or bruise in the process.

• Abdominoplasty

This procedure is almost similar top liposuction, but here, the abdominal skin that sags will be eliminated. A cut will be made horizontally above the belly button or the pubic area. The incision will be determined by where the loose skin is found. The surgeon will then bring the muscle and the tissues underneath the skin, so as to make the abdominal wall tight.

• Breast Augmentation

Even though it is also called a boob job, this one is different from the breast lift. With the breast augmentation, the surgeon will make a cut under the pectoral muscle to create a socket. A breast implant that is made of silicone or saline fillings will then be inserted. It also helps to make the breasts appear fuller than the original size. The patient can experience some infections, scarring, or there might be a need for eliminating the implants later on.

• Blepharoplasty

This one is also called the eyelid surgery, and it is meant to enhance the excess wrinkles, the eye bags, and the puffiness of the eyes. Just like other surgeries, the surgeon will make cuts in the specific area and the excess fat tissues are eliminated. It can also lead to some scarring or infections.

Before going through any of these plastic surgery procedures, you must ensure that you talk to a professional for more knowledge about them.

Root Cana Process

  • Root canal process

    You must visit your family dentist for this procedure.  Root canal treatment is the removal of the tooth’s pulp, a small, thread-like tissue in the center of the tooth. Once the damaged, diseased or dead pulp is removed, the remaining space is cleaned, shaped and filled. This procedure seals off the root canal. Years ago, teeth with diseased or injured pulps were removed. Today, root canal treatment saves many teeth that would otherwise be lost.

    The most common causes of pulp damage or death are:

    -A cracked tooth
    -A deep cavity

    An injury to a tooth, such as a severe knock to the tooth, either recent or in the past.
    Once the pulp is infected or dead, if left untreated, pus can build up at the root tip in the jawbone, forming an abscess. An abscess can destroy the bone surrounding the tooth and cause pain

    How is a Root Canal Done?

    Root canal treatment consists of several steps that take place over several office visits, depending on the situation. These steps are:

    -First, an opening is made through the back of a front tooth or the crown of a molar or pre-molar.
    -After the diseased pulp is removed (a pulpectomy), the pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned, enlarged and shaped in preparation for being filled.
    -If more than one visit is needed, a temporary filling is placed in the crown opening to protect the tooth between dental visits.
    -The temporary filling is removed and the pulp chamber and root canal permanently filled. A tapered, rubbery material called gutta-percha is inserted into each of the canals and is often sealed into place with cement. Sometimes a metal or plastic rod is placed in the canal for structural support.
    -In the final step, a crown is usually placed over the tooth to restore its natural shape and appearance. If the tooth is very broken down, a post may be required to build it up prior to placing a crown.

    How Long Will the Restored Tooth Last?

    Your treated and restored tooth/teeth can last a lifetime with proper care. Because tooth decay can still occur in treated teeth, good oral hygiene and regular dental exams are necessary to prevent further problems.

    As there is no longer a pulp keeping the tooth alive, root-treated teeth can become brittle and are more prone to fracture. This is an important consideration when deciding whether to crown or fill a tooth after root canal treatment.

    To determine the success or failure of root canal treatment, the most relied-upon method is to compare new X-rays with those taken prior to treatment. This comparison will show whether bone continues to be lost or is being regenerated.

    Root canal treatment is the removal of the tooth’s pulp, a small, thread-like tissue in the center of the tooth. Once the damaged, diseased or dead pulp is removed, the remaining space is cleaned, shaped and filled. This procedure seals off the root canal. Years ago, teeth with diseased or injured pulps were removed. Today, root canal treatment saves many teeth that would otherwise be lost.

The most common causes of pulp damage or death are:

-A cracked tooth
-A deep cavity

An injury to a tooth, such as a severe knock to the tooth, either recent or in the past.
Once the pulp is infected or dead, if left untreated, pus can build up at the root tip in the jawbone, forming an abscess. An abscess can destroy the bone surrounding the tooth and cause pain

How is a Root Canal Done?

Root canal treatment consists of several steps that take place over several office visits, depending on the situation. These steps are:

-First, an opening is made through the back of a front tooth or the crown of a molar or pre-molar.
-After the diseased pulp is removed (a pulpectomy), the pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned, enlarged and shaped in preparation for being filled.
-If more than one visit is needed, a temporary filling is placed in the crown opening to protect the tooth between dental visits.
-The temporary filling is removed and the pulp chamber and root canal permanently filled. A tapered, rubbery material called gutta-percha is inserted into each of the canals and is often sealed into place with cement. Sometimes a metal or plastic rod is placed in the canal for structural support.
-In the final step, a crown is usually placed over the tooth to restore its natural shape and appearance. If the tooth is very broken down, a post may be required to build it up prior to placing a crown.

How Long Will the Restored Tooth Last?

Your treated and restored tooth/teeth can last a lifetime with proper care. Because tooth decay can still occur in treated teeth, good oral hygiene and regular dental exams are necessary to prevent further problems.

As there is no longer a pulp keeping the tooth alive, root-treated teeth can become brittle and are more prone to fracture. This is an important consideration when deciding whether to crown or fill a tooth after root canal treatment.

To determine the success or failure of root canal treatment, the most relied-upon method is to compare new X-rays with those taken prior to treatment. This comparison will show whether bone continues to be lost or is being regenerated.

Rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty
A rhinoplasty is a procedure to reshape the nose and/or to improve breathing. Rhinoplasty (RIE-no-plas-tee) is surgery that changes the shape of the nose. The motivation for rhinoplasty may be to change the appearance of the nose, improve breathing or both.
The upper portion of the structure of the nose is bone, and the lower portion is cartilage. Rhinoplasty can modify bone, cartilage, skin or all three. Talk with your Boston plastic surgeon about whether rhinoplasty is appropriate for you and what it can achieve.
When planning rhinoplasty, your Boston plastic surgeon will consider your other facial features, the skin on your nose and what you would like to change. If you are a candidate for surgery, your Boston plastic surgeon will develop a customized plan for you.
Sometimes part or all of a rhinoplasty is covered by insurance. The most common reasons patients undergo a rhinoplasty include:
-To change or improve appearance
-To open blocked nasal passages that are caused by a deviated septum
-To correct an injury or birth deformity
The surgery is done by making incisions inside the nostrils or outside the nostrils across the columella. The underlying cartilage and bone structures are then exposed and altered to produce the desired result.

Who Is a Candidate?
A rhinoplasty can be done at any age, but the procedure is recommended for those who have finished puberty and nose growth. Any person who wants to improve the appearance of their nose is a good candidate. Patients with a history of nasal trauma and increased difficulty breathing are candidates for evaluation.

Before the Procedure
Some of the specific instructions you’ll receive about preparing for surgery include:
-Smoking cessation
-Medications to avoid
-When to take your prescribed medications
-Proper washing techniques
-Restrictions regarding eating and drinking the night before surgery

Procedure Details
A rhinoplasty can be done in a variety of ways with different types of incisions. Your plastic surgeon will perform a careful evaluation of your entire face including your chin and mid-face, and suggest which procedure is best for you. The surgeon will show you where the incisions will be made.

A rhinoplasty has three main components:
Lifting the skin of the nose from the bone and cartilage. The nose is injected with xylocaine (a numbing medication), and epinephrine (to minimize bleeding). After the incisions are made, the skin is then lifted off the cartilage of the nose to expose the cartilage and the bone structures that will be altered.
Remodelling bone and cartilage. Depending on the desired outcome, some nasal bone may be removed, precisely cut, and reset to a new shape. Cartilage may be trimmed. Other techniques involve using a tissue graft (most often cartilage or bone) to help remodel the shape of the nose. Occasionally, a synthetic graft may be used.
Redraping the skin over the new base. Once the procedure is finished, the incisions are closed and the skin is redraped over the new bone structure. The skin is taped to keep it in place and a protective splint is applied on the outside of the nose so that it maintains the proper position when healing. Nasal packs generally are not necessary.